Cite auckland university



Keywords: cite auckland university
Description: Single / multiple authors Subsequent citation Multiple citations from the one author Use of brackets - narrative and statements Paraphrasing and quoting Citing secondary sources

  • Single / multiple authors
  • Subsequent citation
  • Multiple citations from the one author
  • Use of brackets - narrative and statements
  • Paraphrasing and quoting
  • Citing secondary sources

Accurate and correct referencing is fundamental to academic writing. Academic writing requires the use of other authors to strengthen arguments and insights as well as support your own ideas. The purpose of referencing is to acknowledge the ownership of the other information you have used in your writing. Academic writing enables knowledge and ideas on a topic to be shared and built upon.

  • Referencing acknowledges the ownership of these sources of information. When you refer to another writer’s ideas in your assignment, whether you paraphrase or use a direct quotation, you must give the source. Failure to do so is considered plagiarism.
  • APA is the style of referencing used by The University of Auckland Business School.

For more about referencing at the University look at ReferenCite from the Student Learning Centre. This includes Quick©ite - a wizard to help you format your references in APA style.

  • People's names eg. (Revington, 2007) or (Drucker, 2004)
  • Multiple authors - Poulin, Mills & Spiller (1998)
  • A corporate author eg. an organisation, a government department - (Air New Zealand Limited, 2008)
  • Two or three words from a title where there is no author. (Reinventing Auckland, 2003)
  • If the author's name is used as part of your narrative. only the date is placed inside brackets
    • Jones (2003) raises the issue of evaluation in course work.
  • If you are making a statement. both the name and year are included in brackets
    • The Flight Centre initiated a structure of seven person teams they called families (Revington, 2007).

The second time you refer to a book with several authors, you put the first author and the words et al. which means "and others".

Multiple citations to different works from the one author from the same year are distinguished by assigning a, b, c, to the citations (in text and also in the reference list). This is entered after the date. eg (Brown, 2009a), (Brown, 2009b).

This is where you are putting another author's ideas in your own words
  • The 737’s were projected to cope with demands of…. (Air New Zealand Limited, 2001).
  • The Viaduct Basin is projected to grow at 300% (Reinventing Auckland, 2003).

For print sources include the text inside double quote marks. and inside the brackets author name, year of publication, page number.

"Mill's Reef Winery is a family-owned business" (Poulin, Mills & Spiller, 1998, p.91).

"Mill's Reef Winery is a family- owned business" (Poulin et al. 1998, p.91). Note in this example et al. means this book has already been cited earlier in your essay.

If you wish to include a very long quote. place it in an indented paragraph on a new line. In this case don't use quotation marks.

Mill's Reef Winery is a small family-owned business. It was recently targeted for a takeover, but family members resisted the bid. This boutique winery, based on Waiheke Island, has enjoyed recent success in the competitive New Zealand wine market by winning the Wine Association's gold medal for its pinot gris (Poulin, Mills & Spiller, 1998, p.91).

  • Quoting and paraphrasing from Massey University's OWLL website
  • Successful versus unsuccessful paraphrases from The Writing Centre @ The University of Wisconsin - Madison
  • Paraphrase Craze from The Beacon Learning Centre authored by Carol Rhine - practise paraphrasing using this interactive tutorial
  • Often if you are reading an academic article, you will find information the author you are reading has cited from another author or source, (e.g. you are reading an article by Ropata who cites a piece of information by King) and you want to cite what King is reported by Ropata (your author) to have said. This is called citing from a secondary source. It is good practice if you can, to try and locate the original cited article. You would do this by going to the reference list of your article use the full reference to King's article to find and read the original. Doing this enables you to see the full context in which the cited information found in your source was written and you would then cite this as an author you read.

If this is not possible, the following are formats, among others, that can be used to cite a secondary citation.:

“When teams are clear about what has to be done, there is less room for confusion,” (King as cited in Ropata, 2012, p.11).

King, (as cited in Ropata, 2012), supports the view that the major success in teamwork is down to the communication skills of the team.

Note: In this instance, in the reference list you would list the author that you read, Ropata, not King that you cited from reading Ropata .

Ropata, C. (2012) Teamwork for winners, Harvard Business Review. 34 (5). Retrieved from Business Source Premier database

This is where you include the full details for each source cited in text. It appears at the end of the assignment. (In contrast a bibliography would include all sources for background or recommended further reading on the topic).

There are specific rules for how different types of sources - books, journal articles, websites - must be cited. In all cases the objective is to ensure the reader of your work can locate the sources you have used.

  • Arrange the reference list alphabetically by author name
  • Where there is no author arrange by the title. In titles ignore the initial article ie. The or A, when adding to the list. In the example below the full title for the first entry is The best places to work in New Zealand, however it is added under Best
  • Second and subsequent lines of the reference are indented by three spaces.
  • Multiple citations from the one author from the same year are distinguished by assigning a, b, c, to the citations. This is entered after the date. See example 4.1 and 4.2






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