Began public



Keywords: bbc, news, bbc news, news online, world, uk, international, foreign, british, online, service
Description: Proving countless doubters wrong, Marconi's radio waves were able to transmit from one country to another. By 1922, the British Broadcasting Company (BBC) began its daily radio transmissions, and

Proving countless doubters wrong, Marconi's radio waves were able to transmit from one country to another.

By 1922, the British Broadcasting Company (BBC) began its daily radio transmissions, and "listening in" to the wireless quickly became a social and cultural phenomenon in the UK.

Scottish inventor John Logie Baird's first TV was a crude effort, made from a washstand and tea chest housing a projection lamp and scanning discs cut from cycle lenses.

Held together with scrap wood, darning needles, string and sealing wax, it was a far cry from the huge, widescreen, multi-channel TVs on sale today.

Although there is a hot debate over who actually invented TV - the US, UK, Japan, Russia, France, Germany and Eastern Europe all have a claim - Baird definitely made the world's first broadcast.

Using a now defunct mechanical TV, Baird proved during a demonstration at London's Royal Institute in 1926 that it was possible to broadcast moving images.

By 1935, there were around 2,000 Baird Televisors in use, costing Ј100 per set (the price of a small car).

The high-definition electronic Marconi/EMI service replaced it the following year, causing prices to fall significantly.

By the end of the 30s, 98% of the country's population could listen to the BBC's radio services. Nearly nine million 10-shilling (50p) listening licences had been taken out.

It also became possible to have a TV without sound, and people would use their radios as amplifiers instead.

But World War II put a rapid stop to further development - the last broadcast before the shutdown was on 1 September 1939.

TV remained silent until 1946, and the BBC radio's national and regional programmes were replaced by the Home Service.

And this was the face of British broadcasting until after the war, when normal services began to resume.






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